Leather is mainly used in the manufacture of furniture, car seats and interiors, shoe covers, leather goods and many other consumer goods and high-end consumer goods. On the one hand, with the rapid development of China's economy and the continuous improvement of people's living standards, China's strong consumption capacity will be further released, and the market demand for leather products will become stronger and stronger, thus promoting the flourishing development of the leather industry. On the other hand, under the tide of globalization, China has become the world's center for leather research and development, production, manufacturing, sales and consumption. Leather products have a competitive advantage in international trade, and the international market for the leather industry will expand.
At present, after years of rapid development, the tanning industry in China has entered the industrial upgrading period. The tanning industry in China will be guided by the concept of science and technology, innovation, coordination, and green development. It will be market-oriented and supported by talents. It will strive to make innovation-driven, intelligent transformation, structural optimization, quality first, green development, and global integration. Efforts will be made to improve the production mode, implement the strategy of “variety, quality, and brand”, stabilize growth, adjust the structure, promote the transformation and upgrading of the industry, and realize the leap-forward development of the “tanning big country” to the “tanning power”. In the future, the tanning industry will present the following trends:
(1) Innovation drive to increase effective supply
At present, the overall R&D and design capabilities of the tanning industry are low, and the development concept is in urgent need of improvement. Insufficient innovation investment has intensified the homogenization competition of products, which has seriously restricted the innovation and development of enterprises. In the future, the tanning industry should be supported by innovation and lead the optimization and upgrading of the economic structure to effectively promote the industry to the high end of the global value chain. On the one hand, the end consumer products in the tanning industry, including furniture, automotive interiors, shoes, apparel, luggage, etc., are popular products. In the future, the tanning industry needs to increase the research and design of new products, strengthen the research on product flow trends, and deepen excavation. Consumer demand, adapt to and lead the trend of consumption upgrade, promote the enterprise's personalized customization, flexible production, to meet the needs of consumer differentiation.
On the other hand, the tanning industry will continue to promote the clean-up of the production process, cut the pollutants from the source as an entry point, innovate the traditional production process equipment, strengthen the basic common technology and core key technologies, and increase new materials and technologies. The R&D and design of new equipment and new products will promote digitalization, networking and intelligence, and take the path of innovation-driven development. Research and development of core technologies such as chromium-free antimony preparations, environment-friendly dyeing and finishing materials, biological enzyme tanning technology, salt-saving technology, waste water pretreatment and advanced treatment technologies, to realize non-ammonia deliming and softening, chromium emission reduction and waste The large-scale application of liquid circulation and tannery sludge treatment technology is based on scientific and technological innovation to improve the core competitiveness of products and increase the added value of products, focusing on the development of new supply in fashion, personality, green, quality, health, and intelligence.
(2) Quality first, strengthen intelligent manufacturing
At present, the overall brand influence of the leather industry is weak, the added value of the brand is low, and there is a surplus of low-end and middle-end products. Therefore, it is the consensus of the tanning industry to promote “artisan spirit”, develop quality products, and thoroughly implement total quality management. The whole industry will further strengthen the entire process quality control from raw material procurement to production and manufacturing, and market channels, and quality will be the first to comprehensively promote industry brand building. For the tanning industry, especially the low value-added products of small and medium-sized enterprises, there is not enough power for "integration of two industries", little progress has been made in automation, production efficiency has been slow, and there are a lot of backward productivity problems. In the future, the tanning industry will use intelligent manufacturing as a breakthrough. , comprehensively improve labor productivity and strengthen the overall competitiveness of the industry. Development of automatic conveying line for tanning production process, automatic drum control system, mechanical automatic transfer production line for squeezing water, softening and drying process, improving key equipment for tanning machinery such as meat grinder, splitting machine, and shaving machine , Roller coating machine, dryer and other equipment, the degree of automation and processing accuracy, enhance the automation of the entire production process. Actively adopting 3D design, gradually realize digitization and standardization of R&D design. In terms of fashion elements such as products, popular methods, styles, colors, etc., the gap between international and prevailing frontiers is continuously shortened, the response speed of research and development is improved, material consumption is reduced, and brand added value is increased. , increase brand influence.
(3) Optimization of regional structure to enhance the competitiveness of the cluster
Centralized production is an important way for the future development of the tanning industry and is also an advanced experience in the development of the international tanning industry. At present, there are structural contradictions in the rapid development of the tanning industry in China. The tanning industry has a low concentration of production, a small scale, and a large number. In the future, the tanning industry will continue to guide the transfer of industries to the central and western regions in an orderly manner. The eastern region shall take the advantage of location, resources, division of labor, and production and marketing networks to take advantage of transformation, upgrading, quality improvement, and high-level starting points in the central and western regions. To undertake the transfer and upgrade synchronization, optimize the pattern of industrial division of labor and promote regional coordinated development. In the future, the upstream and downstream resources of the tanning industry will further converge on industrial clusters, and build an industrial organization system that is dominated by large enterprises, specializes in small and medium-sized enterprises, cooperates with each other, and has strong upstream and downstream links. Features, to achieve the industry-wide differentiated competition.
(4) Green manufacturing, development of ecological leather
Promoting cleaner production, changing single end pollution control, implementing full process control of industrial pollution, and taking the road of sustainable development are strategic measures to promote the coordinated development of economy and the environment and create a new situation for pollution control in the tanning industry. To carry out energy conservation and emission reduction, protect the environment, change the mode of growth, through technological innovation, improve the core competitiveness of products, increase product added value, and develop ecological green leather is the development direction of the tanning industry. Eco-leather includes the following three aspects: First, the tanning process is harmless to the environment; second, leather products are harmless to the human body during use; third, leather products are biodegradable and will not become new sources of pollution. In the production process, the tanning industry will pay more attention to the application of clean production technologies, develop green chemicals and non-polluting processes, and focus on reuse and recycling within the process. Specifically, it includes research and development and improvement of chrome-free tinctures, environmentally friendly dyeing and finishing materials, bio-enzymatic tanning technology, salt-saving technology, wastewater pretreatment and advanced treatment systems, tannery sludge treatment technology and emission reduction equipment and cleaning. Production technology integration.